Value Chains Study of Mango

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Mango is a common fruit tree in Cambodia belonging to the family of Anacardiaceae; its scientific name is “Mangifera-Indica” while its Cambodian name is “svay”. Mango tree is originally from India and there are many varieties of mango tree in Cambodia like Keo Romeath, Keo Chin, Phomsen, Kbal Damrey, Irwin which is a new variety imported from Taiwan by Mong Reththy Group. Among these varieties, over the last 10 years, Keo Romeath has become the most popular one both for local use and Cambodian export. Cambodian farmers are able to harvest three crops of Keo Romeath mango per year. The traditional “in-season” harvest is during April to May. The two off-seasons are during the period September to February, with the first off-season harvest occurring from September to November and the second off-season harvest from late January to February. In-season harvest is from April to May. Off-season technology based on application of plant hormones is still new for most mango growers. Most farmers do not know how to apply plant hormones and as a consequence most of them do not have off-season harvest.

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